Why Is My Croton Plant Dropping Leaves

The croton plant is a well-liked houseplant prized for its lush, dazzlingly colored foliage. It is famous for being tough, as it’s common to search out your croton plant, dropping leaves quickly after bringing it house from the store.

However, don’t be discouraged if this happens with your plant. As a croton plant, dropping leaves is a regular habit. I will let you know why it occurs, the right way to fix it, and the right way to prevent it.

Why is my croton plant dropping leaves? When a croton plant drops leaves, it’s a response to emphasize, which will be attributable to sudden adjustments in addition to improper care. Provide Codiaeum variegatum with a controlled, moist tropical atmosphere to avoid inducing stress. It’s notably necessary that you move croton plants as little as potential.

Following a short introduction to the croton plant, this article will educate you on what causes a croton plant to drop its leaves and what to do if your croton plant drops its leaves. I’ll additionally cover what the particular wants and care of a croton plant are and the right way to keep away from causing stress to your plant in the first place.

I’ve additionally acquired some helpful ideas, information, and solutions to questions on Codiaeum variegatum that can make it easier to take pleasure in this festive houseplant for a few years to return.

why is my croton plant dropping leaves

The Croton Plant Comes In A Wonderful Array Of Leaf Shapes, Sizes, And Colors

The croton plant is a bushy broadleaf evergreen shrub native to open forest and scrub areas of tropical Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and different islands of the Pacific Ocean and Australia. It produces putting variegated foliage thick and easy, with a leathery texture and a horny, shiny sheen. They usually are available in an astounding number of shapes, sizes, and bright, bold colors.

The croton plant’s leaves could also be slim or broad, oval or oak-like, twisted, curled, or straight, whereas color tones vary from yellows, oranges, and reds to white, bronze, pink, purple, and green.

The growth behavior of Codiaeum variegatum reveals prolific branching, producing a plant that may be full due to the approaching the massive leaves cluster collectively.

These voluminous shrubs could grow to as excessive as 10 feet (Three meters) tall within the wild. However, when grown as indoor houseplants, they attain a top of about three feet (90 cm) and a variety of around 2 feet (60 cm).

Whereas mature croton plants could produce flowers, they’re small and inconspicuous, outshined by attractive unique foliage that can turn any indoor backyard right into a tropical paradise.

Croton Plant VS The Croton Genus

The croton plant being mentioned here’s a species of plant with the scientific identity of Codiaeum variegatum. It belongs to the genus Codiaeum, which only comprises a few species; nevertheless, several hundred cultivars of Codiaeum variegatum function all kinds of leaf shapes, sizes, and colors.

Confusingly, the croton plant is expounded to, however, not the same as plants within the genus Croton, which comprises over 1,200 species and is likely one of the largest genera of flowering plants.

Each the Croton and the Codiaeum genera are members of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) household of vegetation which can be mainly native to tropical areas of Indomalaya and Australasia. Thus, referring to Codiaeum variegatum because the “croton plant” rather than simply “croton” helps keep away from this confusion.

Different common names for Codiaeum variegatum embrace:

  • Backyard croton
  • Variegated croton
  • Variegated laurel
  • Joseph’s coat

Be aware that you could see the name “rushfoil” being included as one of many common names for Codiaeum variegatum; however, that is mistaken. The period refers to plants within the Croton genus. It might be used as a standard identify for the complete genus and particular species belonging to this genus.

My New Croton Plant Is Dropping Its Leaves

If you happen to just lately launched a healthy new croton plant to your own home, only to find that it’s shedding its leaves, don’t despair! You haven’t killed your plant. Give it correct croton plant care, and after a brief readjustment interval, new leaves will seem.

The croton plant should go on to grace your own home with its vibrant foliage for years to return, so long as you proceed, offering it the appropriate situations and care.

However, you’ve had your plant for some time, and it begins shedding leaves. You’ll have to do a little bit of detective work to determine the cause so you possibly can treatment the situation.

What Causes Croton Plants To Drop Their Leaves?

The crux of the issue of croton plants dropping their leaves is that. In contrast, it’s a resilient and robust houseplant, Codiaeum variegatum may be very opposed to varying, and its response to the shock of sudden environmental adjustments is to drop its leaves. This habit typically causes a newly bought croton plant to drop some or all of its leaves inside days. This may come as quite a shock for a new croton plant proprietor who’s unaware of this behavior!

So, if your croton plant is dropping leaves, it might be attributable to any form of alteration in environmental situations resembling temperature, humidity, light, and placement. Thus, moving from the nursery to your own home or a mere relocation to a unique spot in your house can stress your plant out.

The sudden adjustments that affect these plants can even come within the type of fluctuations in temperature that may happen if the plant is situated close to an exterior door or window, near a heating or cooling vent, or in a drafty room. The water temperature you employ once you rinse your croton plant can even cause shock to the plant.

Along with being delicate to environmental adjustments and extremes, croton vegetation is additionally very explicit about their rising situations. Native to habitats that can be heat, sunny, and moist, this vegetation will start dropping leaves if they don’t receive the warmth, gentle, and humidity they crave.

Past these peculiar sensitivities, Codiaeum variegatum is like different houseplants in being vulnerable to the injury and ailments that may result from improper care resembling over-watering and permitting the soil to grow soggy. Under-watering can even cause stress in lots of houseplants, together with the croton plant, as will over- and under-fertilizing and allowing the plant roots to grow to be pot sure.

How To Fix Issues And Croton Plant Care

In a nutshell, the treatment for a croton plant that’s dropped its leaves is to offer the plant the correct growing situations and care. This part covers the care directions; it’s best to comply with to the right an issue that’s inflicting your plant stress. So you possibly can revive your Codiaeum variegatum and ensure it’s getting every little thing it wants for strong stress-free growth shifting ahead.

Soil For Croton Plants

Select a humus-rich potting combination on your croton plant that can help you present your plant with plenty of water however doesn’t stay soggy, as it will cause root rot, which can stress the plant and lead to leaf drop.

A soil-based combination that features peat-free compost works effectively for Codiaeum variegatum, whereas including a medium resembling grow rocks or pumice stones will enhance drainage in addition to aeration of the plant roots.

Selecting A Container For Your Croton Plant

As with the potting soil, the container on your croton plant needs to prevent dangerous sogginess within the root zone. So be sure that the pot you select has drainage holes within its backside. You might also need to place some gravel within the bottom of the pot to help be sure that excess moisture can drain out each time you water your plant.

Use a pot that’s about one-third more extensive than the dimensions of your croton plant’s root ball, and repot the plant into an enormous container every two years within the springtime to stop its roots from turning into pot sure.

Light Requirements

Croton plants want 6-8 hours of bright sunlight and at the very least 2-3 hours of direct daylight every day. However, please don’t overdo it with natural sunlight, as excessively scorching or harsh midday light can scorch the leaves, leading to grey patches.

On the flip aspect, not only will inadequate sunlight stress the plant and cause it to drop leaves, however, it’ll additionally cause croton foliage to lose its fiery color and fade to green. It’s the intense lighting that brings out the magnificent coloration of Codiaeum variegatum leaves. And usually talking, the extra variegated the foliage, the more light the plant wants.


Present your croton plant with constant temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (16-30 °C). Whereas this temperature variation is typical of recent indoor environments and is subsequently not tough to attain, the primary concern with Codiaeum variegatum is consistency.

To keep away from extreme temperature fluctuations that can shock your plant, be sure that it isn’t positioned close to or uncovered to any exterior doorways or home windows, heating or cooling vents, airflow followers, or drafts.

will my croton leaves grow back


To imitate the tropical atmosphere that Codiaeum variegatum originates from, generate an excessive stage of humidity around your plant. It must be within the vary of 40-80 %, with 70 % being optimum.

To make sure that your croton plant is receiving the amount of moisture it wants and keep away from stressing the plant, think about using a hygrometer so you possibly can monitor the humidity rigorously.

There are several methods you possibly can generate the excessive local humidity that the croton plant craves:

  • Humidifier: A humidifier is a superb possibility if you want to enhance the humidity stage in your house type or have many plants with excessive humidity necessities. They’re pretty cheap and are very dependable. Try the opinions of this mannequin on Amazon that might be best for growing humidity on your houseplants.
  • Humidity tray: Place pebbles in a shallow tray, fill it with water, set the potted plant on top of the stones, ensuring the underside of the pot isn’t sitting within the water, after which be sure that there’s at all times some water within the tray
  • Misting: Mist the foliage each morning (allows time for the water to evaporate earlier than dusk to stop fungal illness), being positive to make use of lukewarm water not to shock the plant
  • Toilet: Find your croton plant in a restroom where the shower usage will create a moist environment that can make your plant feel proper at the house.

Watering Croton Plants

Water your croton plant when the highest half-inch (13 mm) of soil feels dry through the spring, summer season, and early autumn, reducing again and solely watering when the dryness on the prime of the soil reaches about an inch (25 mm) through the plant’s fixed interval within the late fall and winter. The thought is to maintain the potting soil moist however not soggy.

Once you water, use lukewarm water to keep away from stunning your plant’s roots. Water the potting soil totally, irrigating till water begins to stream out of the pot’s drainage holes, ensuring that you simply by no means go away the pot in standing water for greater than about 15 minutes when you enable all the surplus water to make its approach out.


Croton plants require plenty of vitamins to supply their lush, vibrant foliage. Through the spring, summer season, and early fall, feed Codiaeum variegatum month-to-month with a fertilizer that’s excessive in nitrogen and potassium; however, maintain off on fertilizing through the plant’s fixed interval.


To ensure the thick, leathery leaves of your croton plant are capable of carrying out photosynthesis at their best potential, thus maximizing the vitality manufacturing of the plant, periodically clear them with a moist material.

This won’t solely assist with plant well-being, but it indeed additionally enhances the fantastic thing about the leaves, permitting their colors to shine at their brightest.

Pests And Diseases

You typically don’t have to fret an excessive amount about ailments attacking your croton plant, past these that may develop if moisture within the soil or on the foliage is rarely allowed to dry out.

As for pests, be careful with common houseplant pests resembling scale, spider mites, and mealybugs, which can cause stress and leaf drop if the infestation gets out of hand. To stop such insect infestations, spray your croton plant down with an excellent blast of water from a backyard hose as soon as per week.

Croton Plant Shock And Stress

The easiest way to take care of the sensitivities and intolerances that cause croton plants to drop their leaves is to do your most OK to stop them from taking place in the first place. You can do a few issues when introducing a new croton plant into your own home that might make a giant difference within the plant’s general health.

First, think about what season of the year it’s once you go to buy a new croton plant. If you happen to purchase one within the wintertime, you’ll probably find yourself exposing it to cold once you transport it house. So it’s a good suggestion to attend until a hotter climate to purchase a new croton plant.

Upon bringing your new croton plant house, a compelling choice you’ll then must make is the place to place it. Keep in mind that you wish to keep away from moving Codiaeum variegatumas a lot as potential.

Seek the advice of the croton care part of this text, deciding what location will present one of the best lighting, temperature, and humidity on your plant from the get-go.

In this way, you may be stopping the plant from turning into harassment by an absence of correct rising situations in addition to avoiding having to maneuver it, which piles a further shock on top of the stress a plant that did not thoughtfully position is already experiencing.

Why Are Croton Plant Leaves Turning Brown

If your croton leaves are turning brown on the edges, it might be because of lack of the correct stage of humidity, soil that’s too dry, or publicity to temperatures that can be too cold.

Are Croton Plants Toxic?

When injured, Codiaeum variegatum bleeds a white, milky sap containing oil with strong irritant and purgative properties. This sap is a pore and skin irritant that may cause contact dermatitis, whereas ingestion of the liquid by each people and animal induces nausea and vomiting. Moreover, be very cautious with the seeds of this plant, as they are often deadly to kids if consumed.

When you have a croton plant or seeds in your house, be sure that they’re out of reach of children and pets – particularly cats.

Additionally, care should be taken when handling the croton plant. Put on gloves and keep away from contact together with your eyes all the time. If the sap does happen to return into contact together with your pores and skin, wash the realm effectively with soapy water.

Do Croton Plants Want Pruning?

No, croton plants typically don’t require pruning to develop healthy and robust. So long as you give your plant loads of house to accommodate its bushy growth, the one pruning chances are you’ll have to do to take away any useless leaves or branches. It’s finest to prune croton plants in early spring, simply earlier than the growing season begins. Don’t forget to put on gloves!

Preventing issues with your houseplants comes with a mix of information, expertise, and the appropriate instruments and equipment. Try my advisable resources web page to see what books, sources, and tools I recommend for taking care of your houseplants. Completely satisfied with growing.