The podocarpus macrophyllus plant is a shrub or small tree with needle-like leaves that are darkish green in the shade. It consists of pointed, leathery leaves located on stiff and symmetrical branches. Furthermore, it will possibly attain 7-15 cm in size and 10 cm in width.
The leaves on the branches of some podocarpus timber are organized in a spiral, whereas others are horizontal in two rows. These podocarpus macrophyllus trees bloom with candle-shaped flowers of each together. However, some species are monoecious flowers. Right here, allow us to try step-by-step how to grow Podocarpus from cuttings.
The plant is evergreen and might attain 90 feet tall within the wild. It may be grown indoors and outside and is commonly used as a hedge or display screen. It’s native to southern Japan and southern China. It’s additionally the state tree of Chiba Prefecture in Japan.
- 1 What is Podocarpus?
- 2 How To Grow Podocarpus From Cuttings
- 3 What Trees Can Be Grown From Cuttings?
- 4 Why Should You Grow Them?
- 5 Final Thoughts
What is Podocarpus?
Being a self-pollinating tree, Podocarpus has male flowers in cones and feminine flowers fabricated from cylindrical thickened scales; however, even without them, the tree seems to be pretty and decorative. The fruits it produces are fleshy and brilliant. It’s also known as Chinese Yew or Buddhist pine.
When you can plant Podocarpus from seeds or cuttings, the sources could be trying to seek out and take time to germinate (typically even as much as six months). Hardwood cuttings, then again, take root and are a well-liked method to grow the plant.
About 2000 years ago, the mastery of the cultivation of dwarf sub-campuses podocarpus macrophyllus plants in China was conceived. Six hundred years after that, when Buddhism began to emerge in Japan, it migrated there. However, this occurred in an extra poised and philosophical kind.
The Podocarpus is particularly well-known in Japan. The place this family bonsai is fashionable and is handed on from era to generation. They’ll live for a lot of a few years, so that you’ll typically find them getting used as heirlooms.
What makes them much more interesting is that the locals imagine that if these small trees are correctly put inside the home, they will enormously affect vitality flows. Many species of those trees are spread worldwide immediately, over 100, and the Podocarpus is undoubtedly one of these species.
Based on locals, should you observe the Taoist custom of the symbolic group of houses (Feng Shui), you may manage these flows and direct them in the proper course.
How To Grow Podocarpus From Cuttings
Since Podocarpus is a coniferous evergreen, it will possibly root greatest from semi-hardwood or hardwood cuttings. The perfect time to root and pot these cuttings is late autumn, as that’s once they’ll root greatest. However, they will do exactly nicely sufficient at some other level throughout the dormant season too.
Should you take the cuttings in spring or summertime, they may root at a quicker tempo; however, they’re more likely to fail if not given fixed consideration and care.
Making ready the Equipment
You don’t want any special equipment in the case of new cuttings. However, the pot and instruments should be sterilized earlier than the method begins. That is to make sure that bacterial or fungal infection doesn’t infect the cutting.
To do that, wash a Four to a 6-inch plastic container with a pair of pruning shears and a knife in scorching water and cleaning soap.
Choosing the Cutting
When deciding on a cutting, you should be sure you choose the proper one so that you don’t have issues in a while. As a rule of thumb, keep in mind to only take yew cuttings as soon as the season’s progress has hardened to about 8-10 inches from the tip of the stem.
Ideally, your chopping should have numerous lush and wholesome foliage, no flowers or fruits, and the width of the stem needs to be as skinny as a pencil or about one-fourth of an inch. Hold a close eye out to not choose branches that have any indicators of ailments, which embody cankers on the bark or yellow needles.
Measure around 9 inches from the tip of the stem and use pruning shears to cut that you’ve chosen. The perfect time to cut it’s early morning when the branches are moist and agency.
Preparation for Potting
Relating to yew cuttings, you should be sure you make the required preparations earlier than chopping to extend its possibilities of good rooting.
Put the softwood (ideally new progress) cuttings in water until the roots are shaped, then transplant them into bonsai soil.
Step one is to take away needles located on the backside, a part of the stem. After that, you may scrape off a small portion of the bark on the cutting base with a utility knife.
Then, use rooting hormone talc to mud off the defoliated portion of the stem. The leftover talc could be eliminated by gently tapping the cutting.
The following step is to make a planting hole for the cutting. This gap needs to be deep sufficient to comprise the underside half of the cutting. Stick the cutting into the outlet and sprinkle water on the base. Repot it each 3-4 years in spring. Prune the roots solely by 10-15%.
In the rooting course, the proper temperature, moisture, and light are of the utmost significance. The Yew requires heat to thrive.
The cuttings need to be positioned in an area that stays roughly 75 degrees Fahrenheit within the day and receives numerous mild. If you wish to preserve it indoors, be sure that it’s close to the west or south-facing window. If the sunshine coming in isn’t enough, you may place a fluorescent lamp there.
If the temperature within the day goes beneath 60 degrees Fahrenheit, then be sure to heat the pot utilizing a propagation mat. The plant can stand up to freezing temperatures using winter elements; however, if temperatures are extraordinarily chilly, it needs to be introduced indoors.
The soil needs to be moist and fertile; however, be sure that it’s not soggy. For that, you may present enough drainage. Spray water on the foliage constantly to maintain it hydrated, particularly if they’re indoors. Enable the highest two inches to dry out earlier than watering.
Grey needles are an indication of overwatering. Keep in mind the Yew pine is a hardy plant. You’ll be able to even plant it in coastal areas due to its tolerance to salt spray from the ocean.
This plant wants soil to be moist, particularly throughout the lively growing season, including pebbles on the bottom of the pot may also help forestall mildew and mold progress.
Because the plant grows, transplanting could also be wanted. If the plant begins to outgrow its pot, transplant it in early spring with contemporary soil.
Selecting a Spot
Select an area that’s large enough to include a full-grown podocarpus. They’ll grow to be 50 feet (15.2 meters) tall with an expansion of as much as 25 feet (7.6 meters). The cuttings can root in roughly a few months if you maintain them and put them together nicely earlier on.
Other than selecting an enormous area, plant your Podocarpus in a spot that receives direct or partial daylight. If that’s not doable, then burying it in a shady space will suffice.
I was deciding whether or not to develop it indoors or out is determined by a wide range of elements, such because the local weather. For a reason, that plant prefers heat climates; grow it indoors if the outside is just too cold for it.
As talked about earlier, this plant likes heat temperatures and an ample quantity of sunshine. If it doesn’t obtain the proper light, its needles will likely be extensive and elongated. Be sure to offer it direct daylight, nevertheless throughout the hottest elements of the day, give it some shade so that it doesn’t endure leaf burn.
Yews need to be grown underneath the shade for 12 months earlier than planting them in a landscape to ensure they’ve time to provide a robust root system.
In the summer season months, water them often and steadily spray them with water, particularly throughout hot and dry climates.
podocarpus hedge shrubs aren’t heavy feeders and thus don’t all the time want further fertilization. It’s best to fertilize the fern pine hedge thrice-yearly: within the spring, summertime, and fall.
Chances are you’ll use a balanced fertilizer for podocarpus shrubs and hedges. It will present it with the proper quantities of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Moreover, it’s inspired to feed the plant fish emulsion together with fertilizer truffles. However, should you’re growing it indoors, and the scent of fish is just too sturdy, use liquid bonsai fertilizer. In heat climate, apply it each two weeks and each six in winter.
It prefers considerably acid soil just a few occasions yearly so that you may feed it with a dose of a miracle for iron. It is because this plant requires further iron in addition to magnesium. It can make the leaves further inexperienced and healthy.
To add to that, you may add a dose of chelated iron twice a year. One other factor to watch out for is magnesium deficiency within the plant. To forestall this, you need to use round 2-3 purposes of Epsom salts yearly.
Pests and Diseases
The Yew pine is repellent of most pests and ailments, so that doesn’t strike an issue in the case of this plant. Nevertheless, some problems that affect it are scale, mealybugs, and sooty mold.
As for ailments, podocarpus macrophyllus plants are hardy, sun-loving bushes that can usually be immune to illness. However, they’re vulnerable to root rot on soils that are waterlogged and never well-drained. Moist soil could cause fungal issues within the roots, affecting the plant’s progress and well-being.
Aphids and Scale Bugs
Podocarpus aphids are recognized to destroy new plant progress and trigger leaf harm. Scale bugs, then again, suck the pine yew’s sap and can damage the hedge’s progress. Use insecticidal cleaning soap or rubbing alcohol to handle this difficulty.
Aphids on Podocarpus Japanese yews are bugs in several colors. These could embody pink, yellow, bluish-purple, or orange.
Hold a detailed watch on the following indicators of aphids on fern yews: honeydew, black sooty mold, or curled new leaves. You’ll be able to spray the hedge shrubs with a bar of insecticidal cleaning soap or a neem oil solution as soon as per week to do away with aphids.
Though it’s a hardy plant, there are just a few risks in the case of it, and this features a potential hazard to people and pets. Elements of this plant could be toxic. This consists of fruits, stems, and foliage, which may cause extreme vomiting and diarrhea if consumed.
Pruning and Wiring
When younger, these plants typically develop upwards without branching out on the aspect. You’ll be able to remedy this downside by cutting them again laborious; this can result in furthermore budding. When obligatory, tweak new progress again and take out the outsized needles.
Again budding will likely be restored if half of the bud is pinched away, along with that. The leaves can even be lowered. Don’t make the error of cutting the leaves yourself, as this can only lead to brown edges, and the smaller alternative leaves that you simply have been hoping for won’t be kind.
Trim the straightforward suggestions of the plant to form the tree into fullness. Prune the outermost progress with utmost gentleness to create hedges. If you’d like a second flush of progress, act in July or August. Attempt not to shear the branches of this tree in any season.
For about 2-Three months, be vigilant of indicators that the wire lignified wooden could also be beginning to lower into the bark. Greenwood could also be wired loosely, whereas outdated Podocarpus wooden is understood to grow to be laborious and, due to this fact, challenging to bend.
Grooming allows retaining the yew pine tree from taking on the room when grown indoors or outdoor. Trim the foliage again as required to handle the expansion or then prune it into topiary shapes.
What Trees Can Be Grown From Cuttings?
Camellia and Honeysuckle are examples of Semi Ripe/Semi-Hardwood Cuttings Vegetation that usually root nicely from semi-ripe cuttings. The preferred flowering plants from these cuttings are Azalea. Camellia is known for its giant and brilliant flowers. Honeysuckle is a well-liked decorative shrub.
Why Should You Grow Them?
A significant benefit of growing this plant is that after established, it is vitally low upkeep. Along with that, it’s virtually pest-free, so that’s not one thing you must fear about, and it does nicely with each partial shade and direct light.
Though this plant could be extraordinarily drought-tolerant, it seems to be a lot better should you provide it with some water within the dry season.
Some extra causes embody the truth that it provides flowers and fruits. The fruits are small and fleshy and purple in the shade. They’re edible and delicious, and regardless of attracting birds, they don’t make a large number on pavements or sidewalks.
These trees and shrubs make the most effective vegetation on your porch or yard. They’re elegant, and their lush foliage will convey simply the proper vitality to the realm. Their tall nature makes them ultimate for use as screens for privateness.
The smaller ones make fantastically formed plants within the yard. To prime that, you may trim and prune them to the form and measurement that you need.
You now have all the things you should learn about methods to grow this great plant from cuttings. Keep in mind that to offer it with all of the care and a focus, it must get a healthy plant with lush, inexperienced leaves. Did it make it easier to know methods to grow Podocarpus from cuttings? Completely happy planting!