How To Care For Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana)

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, or Flaming Katy as it’s usually known, is an excellent flowering succulent plant that gives lovely blooms for months through the winter and springtime. It is a very common houseplant due to its extensive number of flower colors, long-lasting blooms, low water necessities, and ease of propagation.

How to care for flaming Katy – Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana wants light, oblique light, well-draining soil, and temperatures of almost 65-85 F. Water your Flaming Katy when the highest half of the ground is dry and fertilize every few months. Take away dead flowers to encourage extended blooming and prune again after flowering to forestall the plant from changing into leggy.

how to care for flaming katy

  • Scientific Name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
  • Frequent Name: Flaming Katy, Christmas Kalanchoe, Florist Kalanchoe
  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Origin: Native to Madagascar, southern and eastern Africa
  • Size: 8-12 inches in height (20-30 cm)
  • Soil: Light-weight, well-draining soil. Half potting soil, half coarse sand, or perlite is suitable.
  • Container: Keep away from excessively giant pots. Guarantee good drainage.
  • Light: Bright, oblique sunlight. East or west dealing with windows is excellent.
  • Temperature: 65 to 80 °F (18 to 27 °C).
  • Humidity: Regular indoor humidity ranges are superb. Flaming Katy plants do nicely at a spread of humidity levels.
  • We are watering: Water as soon as the highest half of the soil is dry. Keep away from overwatering.
  • Fertilizing: Very little fertilizer wanted. Apply fertilizer about twice a year.
  • Propagation: Might be propagated simply with stem or leaf cuttings.

Many people only preserve Flaming Katy as an annual. However, it’s not too tough to look after them through the year and have them rebloom yearly after 12 months. There are some specific steps you’ll need to take to get a Flaming Katy to rebloom; however, observe the directions on this article, and also you’ll have the ability to enjoy the blooms each winter and springtime for years to come back.

Earlier than we move on, do you know that Kalanchoe is pronounced “Kal-un-KOH-ee”? I’d been announcing it Kal-uhn–cho for years. However, I realized my mistake sometime in the past. I realized that the genus kalanchoe was named after the Chinese phrase “kalanchauhuy,” which means temple plant, so I can see where the pronunciation originates. I’m positive people pronounce it in several methods too.

How Large Does Flaming Katy Grow?

Within the wild, Kalanchoe blossfeldiana grows to about 20 inches in height. However, many plants bought as houseplants are dwarf hybrids that only grow to about 8-12 inches excessively. The unfold isn’t often more significant than 8-12 inches both. This plant makes them a perfect size for a windowsill or tabletop plant to cheer up a room in your house.

Light Requirements

Flaming Katy requires bright, oblique light to thrive. They’ll do most excellent in the west or east-facing windows for a lot of the year. Watch out not to let your flaming Katy get an excessive amount of hot, direct daylight, or the leaves will get scorched.

They’ll tolerate 1-2 hours of direct daylight per day, which is why an east or west going through the window is right, to catch the early morning or late night sunshine. However, stay in the vivid shade for the remainder of the day.

In the event you dwell at greater latitude, with shorter days and weaker sunshine within the winter, you possibly can safely move your Flaming Katy to a south-facing window, the place it can get extra of the weak winter sunshine.

Be at liberty to place your Flaming Katy outdoors over the summertime months if you want. Make sure that it’s in a shady spot. The place it’s only going to get 1-2 hours of direct daylight per day. I find that Flaming Katy plants are inclined to do rather well if they get just a few months outdoors because it helps them thrive within the vegetative phase and tees them up properly for the shorter days of autumn and the run-up to their blooming part.

Take care that your plant isn’t uncovered to nighttime temperatures of below 50 °F, so keep watch over the forecast and produce your plant again inside nicely earlier than temperatures drop.

How Often To Water Flaming Katy

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is a succulent plant, so bear this in your thoughts when watering. You must solely water the plant when the highest half of the soil is dry. Kalanchoes are usually fairly drought resistant, and Flaming Katy is not any completely different. That is excellent news for the marginally forgetful gardener.

One of the many most significant issues folks have with Flaming Katy plants is overwatering. It’s a typical situation with many houseplants. Flaming Katy could be liable to powdery mildew and root rot, so managing the watering nicely is a high precedence.

One other good tip is to keep away from water over the leaves. Flaming Katy has relatively dense foliage, and it’s simple for water to pool between the foliage, which can enhance the chance of fungal illness.

Flaming Katy tends to require extra water within the flowering part due to elevated water loss from the blooms. However, preserve checking the situation of the soil daily or two, and also you’ll know when water is required.

Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana Temperature Requirements

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana do greatest in temperatures between 65 to 80 °F, which makes them an excellent houseplant. They’re pretty tolerant of hotter temperatures, so don’t fear an excessive amount if the temperature creeps up somewhat more significant than this in the summertime.

The main factor to keep away from is publicity to cold, so make sure that to maintain your plant above 50 °F always. Drafty home windows may cause some issues, notably over the winter, the place a draft could cause a localized dip within the temperature. Extended publicity to cold situations can exceptionally be deadly for a Flaming Katy.

Humidity

Flaming Katy plants aren’t fussy about humidity ranges, though they are much less liable to fungal disease in decreased humidity conditions.

How To Fertilize A Flaming Katy

Kalanchoes are usually mild feeders. I take advantage of a weak fertilizer answer twice per year on my Flaming Katy. However, as much as monthly must be superb. Feeding extra incessantly may cause issues with nutrient toxicity. Some people don’t even trouble to fertilize their Flaming Katy and repot each year or high gown with compost to present the plants a little bit of a lift.

What Soil Does Flaming Katy Plants Need?

You must use nicely aerated, quick-draining soil on your Flaming Katy to reduce the chance of issues with overwatering. An equal mixture of potting soil and cactus combine is correct, or a combination of potting soil, perlite, and coarse sand.

In case your plant is in much less nicely draining soil, you don’t essentially need to repot it. Be extra careful when watering to ensure the ground is pretty well dried out between waterings.

flaming katy kalanchoe blossfeldiana care

How To Repot Flaming Katy

You don’t need to repot a Flaming Katy too usually, about as soon as every 3 to 4 years must be superb. Most people preserve their plant nicely pruned to maintain it bushy, cutting back the necessity to repot fairly as often.

The very best time to repot is after flowering and pruning the plant, earlier than the new vegetative growth begins. This may give the plant plenty of time to settle into its new pot and place on new vegetation earlier than the following flowering season. A pot only barely more significant than the unique pot is most excellent to reduce the chance of overwatering.

Flowering

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana usually begins flowering in December and is in style in stores and backyard facilities within the run-up to Christmas and thru the winter and early spring.

They’re obtainable in various bloom colors, together with red, orange, yellow, pink, and white. The flowers are often quite a few and tightly packed, producing a lovely show of coloration.

Flaming Katy plants will usually flower for months at a time, and there are some things you can do to delay blooming time.

Firstly, while you purchase one from a retailer, attempt to choose a plant with extra buds that blooms, reasonably than one which is already out in all its glory.

Secondly, while you see dying or useless flowers in your Flaming Katy, pinch or minimize them off, so the plant is inspired to provide more flowers, reasonably than waste vitality in producing seeds, which aren’t wanted.

How To Deadhead Flaming Katy

There are two principal causes to deadhead a Flaming Katy plant. Firstly, the spent blooms are inclined to make the plant look untidy, so a plant that has bloomed for some time can begin to look a bit messy and shabby. Secondly, as talked about above, eradicating useless blooms will stimulate the plant to provide new buds and different flowers, prolonging the blooming length.

You’ll be able to both pinch off the person flowers when they’re useless, or if a whole stem of flowers has died, you’re higher to cut the stem again down to the bottom. Attempt to use a clean pair of pruning scissors or clear hands if you’re pinching them off.

How To Prune Flaming Katy

The very best time to prune a Flaming Katy plant is after the full blooms have lastly died. It is an excellent alternative to reshape the plant, decreasing it to the specified size and sustaining the size and form you want.

The plant can be primed after flowering to start vegetative growth, so the plant ought to tolerate even aggressive pruning.

As discussed above, the essential factor is to use sterile pruning scissors and clear your fingers before pruning because the open wounds that may result from pruning enhance the chance of infection for the plant. Fortunately, Kalanchoe plants are resilient and never notably liable to disease; however, they take reasonable care.

The first thing to do is to trim off all useless flowers and trim again flower stems to only above a pair of leaves. Next, have a look at the form of the plant and trim off any components that look leggy or are inflicting the plant to be misshapen. I typically prune again fairly aggressively to account for the vegetative growth that may occur over the following few months.

When you have been growing your Flaming Katy in decreased mild conditions, it’s extra prone to be leggy, so this will be immediate for you to contemplate altering the situation that you grow your plant.

I usually fertilize my plant just a few days after pruning to encourage new root and foliage improvement and help the plant recover from the pruning.

How To Propagate Flaming Katy

Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana is pretty simple to propagate, as many succulent plants are. You’ll be able to reproduce them by leaf or stem cuttings. However, I’d extremely recommend stem reducing propagation, as it’s straightforward and pretty dependable.

Right here’s a step-by-step information that will help you.

  1. A great time to propagate your Flaming Katy plant is within the late spring. That is the beginning of the vegetative growth interval for the plant, so your cuttings usually tend to develop. However, you can propagate at any time of year to present precise situations.
  2. Decide a stem with at least two pairs of healthy green leaves. Reduce a bit of steam from the plant by at least three inches (7.5 cm) in size). Take away any leaves on the backside of the stem to make sure that there may be at least an inch (2.5cm) of bare stem.
  3. Depart the cuttings for about 48 hours to let the minimized end of the stem dry out and heal. The cut finish will type a callus and reduce the stem rotting while you plant it.
  4. Put together your propagation tray or pot. It would help if you used a potting mixture of half potting compost and half perlite or coarse sand. Or, half cactus combine, and half potting compost will do very nicely. Press the potting combine into the propagation tray or pot.
  5. Make small holes for the stem cuttings. The dimensions of the opening should be somewhat more comprehensive than the width of the stem. You’ll then have the ability to insert the cuttings without damaging them.
  6. I often use a small quantity of rooting powder on the tip of the stem cuttings. This isn’t needed. However, it will increase the success of the cuttings after I use this. I typically dip the end of the stems in the water earlier than the rooting powder to assist it in sticking to the end of the stem.
  7. Insert the ends of the stem cuttings into the pre-prepared holes within the potting medium. Compress the media to safe cuttings in place.
  8. Calmly water the soil. Don’t saturate it, as there’s a more significant threat of fungal illness if the cuttings are excessively moist. I cover the cuttings for the primary two weeks with polythene to create a mini greenhouse. Propagation trays are excellent for this. However, you can improvise.
  9. Place the cuttings in bright, oblique sunlight in temperatures of 70 to 80 F (21 to 27 C). Mist the soil and cuttings each 1-2 days to maintain the ground barely moist.
  10. If any of your cuttings develop indicators of fungal disease, take away the affected plants. Depart the others uncovered if this occurs.
  11. There is no such thing as a rush to transplant the cuttings to particular person pots. They’ll grow fortunately in propagation trays for just a few months. However, in follow, I transplant my new Flaming Katy plants into separate pots after 3 to 4 weeks.

There are one other few choices for propagating: these embrace leaf cuttings and water propagation. You’ll be able to set leaves immediately on the soil of a prepped propagation tray. Treat them in the identical method as stem cuttings. They take so much longer to root. However, they could be profitable. Or, you possibly can propagate stem and leaf cuttings in water.

A narrow-necked jar is suitable for this. Place the underside 1-2 inches of the reducing into the water and watch the magic occur. Maintain the water level topped up, so the end of the cutting stays within the water. Inside just a few weeks, roots must be rising strongly, and you may transplant the reducing to a pot.

How To Get A Kalanchoe To Rebloom

Though Flaming Katy plants are perennial, which means they’ll flower year after year, most individuals treat them as annuals. The leading cause is that they have a status for being tough to rebloom. However, the actuality is they aren’t tough, simply specific of their wants.

It’s nice to get such a gorgeous houseplant that flowers so prolifically via the winter, and the rationale it does that is pretty fascinating. Like other popular winter houseplants, just like the poinsettia, Flaming Katy is a brief day plant. This means that it wants short days, or reasonably long nights, to stimulate bud and flower production.

Flaming Katy vegetation wants at least 12 hours of complete darkness per day for 6 to 8 weeks to stimulate flowering. Curiously, I don’t simply mean at least 12 hours of nighttime time. Flaming Katy plants are additionally delicate to artificial light, so for those who’re attempting to get one to rebloom at dwelling, you could be sure that it’s kept in the dark for at least 12 hours per day within the run-up to reblooming.

If you dwell in greater latitudes, your climate will naturally present lengthy autumn and winter nights, so reblooming must be much less of an issue. The main problem is to position it someplace in your house that it’ll not be disturbed by artificial light within the evenings.

Though I’ll have my Flaming Katy in satisfaction of place whereas it’s blooming, for the three months from mid-September to Mid December, I preserve my plant in a spare bedroom, the area it is not going to be disturbed. I make sure that to not flip the light on in this room unnecessarily within the evenings, and the pure shortening of the times I live ensures that little else is required to make sure reblooming.

If you live in a more equatorial area, you’ll need to work a bit more durable to get your Flaming Katy to rebloom. The best factor is to place your plant in a darkish cabinet at 6 pm each night from mid-October and take it out once more within the morning at 7 or 8 am. You need to have finished sufficient by about mid-December, and the plant ought to burst into bloom.

It’s significantly extra effort to need to get a plant out and in of a cupboard daily, so this can be more effort than you’re keen to place in when you possibly can choose one other upon the retailer.

flaming katy care kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Displaying Your Flaming Katy

Flaming Katy plants are excellent to show on windowsills and tables and supply an actual splash of coloration at a time of year when loads of different plants are not going to be flowering.

Typically kalanchoe plants are bought in enticing pots with ornamental wrapping around them. The temptation is to maintain these decorative wrappings across the pots. However, you could have some warning if you do that.

The primary cause why people battle with kalanchoe plants is overwatering. Kalanchoe plants are succulents and are liable to fungal disease and root rot if overwatered. Ornamental wrappings usually cowl the drainage holes of pots and may exacerbate any overwatering points.

If your Flaming Katy comes with decorative wrapping across the pot, I will counsel you both to take it away or ensure that it doesn’t restrict drainage.

One other good possibility is to double pot your Flaming Katy. Maintain your plant in a well-draining interior pot and an ornamental outer pot without drainage holes. This has the added benefit of safely placing your Flaming Katy on furniture that is perhaps broken if water was to empty of the underside of a pot.

Why Is My Kalanchoe Dying?

Fortunately, Flaming Katy plants, like different Kalanchoe, are pretty easy to look after. However, there are just a few common points, which I’ll talk about now.

Why Is My Kalanchoe Wilting?

The almost certainly cause for wilting is overwatering. Kalanchoe plants are fairly drought tolerant, so wilting leaves is way much less prone to be an issue with underwatering. Overwatering can cause root rot, which kills the roots and prevents them from absorbing water, inflicting a water deficiency within the plant.

Feel the soil. Whether it is scorched, underwatering will be the situation, but when the soil is damp, there’s a high probability overwatering is the issue. The very best solution is to repot the plant, assessing the roots when doing this. Take away any sources affected by root rot and repot in nicely draining potting combine. Root rot could be deadly for a kalanchoe plant, so don’t be stunned if the plant can’t be saved.

Why Is My Kalanchoe Dropping Leaves?

There are relatively just a few the reason why your Kalanchoe can drop leaves. Overwatering or underwatering could cause leaf drop. Overwatering could cause leaves to swell and root rot to set in, inflicting leaf drop. Underwatering could cause leaf drop because of dehydration. Inadequate light could cause leaf drop. However, it is generally preceded by yellowing of the leaves.

One of many more common causes for leaf drop is exposure to extremes of temperature. Flaming Katy plants are notably delicate to low temperatures. As many are bought within the winter, it’s simple to accidentally expose them to temperatures under 50 F, which might cause leaf drop inside a matter of days.

Succulent plants can even typically drop leaves when exposed to excessively excessive temperatures, and Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is not entirely different. Along with these, pests and illnesses could cause leaf drops, and I’ll inform you a bit more about these.

Diseases And Pests

Powdery Mildew

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is liable to powdery mildew. This may be pretty contagious and may show deadly to your Flaming Katy if not detected and handled early. You’ll notice a fine white coating on the leaves and stems that may grow to be fluffy in look if left to progress.

It’s extraordinary in low mild situations, with lowered air circulation and temperatures of about 70 F (21 C). If you determine this, you need to treat it instantly with a suitable fungicide, remove any badly affected leaves, and move your plant to someplace with more excellent light and airflow.

Mealy Bugs

Mealybugs are one other potential invader of your Flaming Katy. These minor white bugs will cause stunting of the expansion of your plant, yellowing of leaves, and leaf drop. They feed off the sap within the plant’s leaves, multiply quickly, and may finally overwhelm the plant, killing it.

The primary signs of a mealybug infestation are the fluffy white deposits on the base of stems and sheltered places on the plant. Often eggs can be seen on the underside of leaves. Mealybugs produce a sticky fluid known as honeydew, which encourages sooty mildew to develop on the leaves.

The easiest way to take care of that is to use an alcohol rub to scrub the plant or use an insecticidal spray. There are a complete number of chemical and non-chemical strategies to manage mealybugs.

Aphids

Aphids will appear like a particular person green, crawling bugs, which must be seen. You may additionally see the white pores and skin casts of the aphids on the leaves. Once more, aphids are parasitic to the plant, weakening it, which might stunt growth and cause leaf drop. Many efficient control strategies rely on your choice for chemical or non-chemical management.

Is Flaming Katy Toxic?

Flaming Katy plants are poisonous to individuals and pets, so take care displaying this plant the place pets and kids can access it. Ingestion by cats and canines mostly leads to gastrointestinal upset. However, the flowers include cardiac glycosides, which might cause different critical health issues, together with cardiac arrhythmias in more significant doses.