How To Care For An Arrowhead Plant (Syngonium Podophyllum)

Arrowhead Plant, additionally known as African Evergreen and Nephthytis, is a simple to look after houseplant with few issues. It’s excellent for the newbie or black-thumb gardener who needs indoor greenery without having to fuss an excessive amount over its care. Earlier than I am going into detail, right here’s a quick summary.

How to care for an arrowhead plant | Arrowhead plants need to be planted in nicely draining, acidic soil, and saved in humid circumstances at temperatures of 60°F to 85°F. Water sometimes however totally as soon as the highest inch of soil is dry, and fertilizes monthly by the growing season.

how to care for an arrowhead plant

How Often To Water An Arrowhead Plant

The Arrowhead Plant has an average drought tolerance, however prefers common water purposes. However, it’ll forgive you in case you miss watering it a few occasions, however, for the very best progress and performance, common irrigations are greatest.

Throughout the spring and summertime whereas the plant is actively growing, water when the highest inch of soil is dry to the contact. Should you stick your finger within the top inch of soil and it feels dry, it’s time to water, which can in all probability be as soon as weekly. All the time irrigate till water begins running out of the underside drain holes.

However, Arrowhead Plant goes into dormancy (growth slows) through the cold months of winter, which implies you won’t be watering fairly as often. However, don’t permit the soil to fully dry, so really feel it and if the highest inch is dry, apply water. You’ll be able to plan to water roughly every two weeks.

Does An Arrowhead Plant Require Humid Conditions?

Native to humid areas of South and Central America, and indoor-grown Arrowhead Plant requires you to create humidity in order that they develop correctly without issues. Creating a damp atmosphere for the plant is as simple as misting the foliage with water two to a few occasions weekly.

Moreover, you may set the container on a stone-filled tray that catches the irrigated water, in addition to misting.

Don’t place the Arrowhead Plant in an indoor location the place the air is very dry, equivalent to close to a heating system or vents.

Best Indoor Temperature For Arrowhead Plant

Since Arrowhead Plant is native to subtropical and tropical environments, it’s delicate to temperatures under 50 °F (10°C), even indoors. Indoor temperatures which are too cold can lead to injury and even plant death. For the very best progress, preserve indoor temperatures within the range of 60°F to 85°F (15°C to 29°C).

Does An Arrowhead Plant Require Fertilizer?

Don’t stress in case your Arrowhead Plant appears to be nice and also you haven’t fertilized it – it’s not a giant feeder and grows nicely if it’s correctly cared for. However, through the growing season of spring by summertime, you may fertilize it monthly. There’s no must fertilize in fall or winter, because the plant is dormant and stops growing.

Use an all-purpose, houseplant mix diluted to half-strength. Apply the fertilizer once you have water. You may also use slow-release granules utilized in spring, following bundle instructions for quantities.

What soil pH Does An Arrowhead Plant Need?

Properly-drained, fertile soils with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5 work nicely for rising all varieties of Arrowhead plants.

Can I Make My Own Potting Mix For Arrowhead Plant?

Arrowhead Plant grows greatest and with few issues grown in an acidic soil wealthy in natural vitamins, however, drains effectively. You may make your personal soil combine by mixing equal elements of a business potting mix with a peat-based medium.

Use a potting combine over potting soil, as potting soil is usually too heavy and retains an excessive amount of moisture.

How Much Light Does An Arrowhead Plant Need?

Arrowhead Plant could be very versatile relating to its lighting wants and what it tolerates. Plants carry out nicely located in brilliant to reasonably low gentle conditions, though, it places on the very best progress when located in an indoor location receiving bright light.

What Are Some Issues If The Lighting Is Too Low?

When located indoors in an area with very low gentle, Arrowhead Plant’s progress is negatively affected. Plants generally tend to develop into straggly, foliage loses its shade and turns into lighter, and the leaves are spaced additional aside.

Should you discover your Arrowhead Plant beginning to develop any of those signs, move it to a location that’s barely brighter than the unique. It’s greatest to extend step by step the plant’s light publicity so that you don’t burn the leaves.

How Often Should I Repot An Arrowhead Plant?

When grown indoors, Arrowhead Plant has a gradual growth-rate, so that you in all probability won’t have to fret about repotting apart from each different year. If it’s outgrown the current pot, you may break up off a piece of the plant and reuse the identical container with contemporary soil, or repot the whole Arrowhead Plant right into a container that’s slightly bigger.

What Kind Of Container Is Good For Growing Arrowhead Plants?

Arrowhead plants have a number of indoor makes use of and grow nicely planted in hanging baskets permitting the stems to cascade over the facet, in common pots, or used with a moss stick or indoor trellis system permitting the stems to crawl upward. Simply make sure that the container has backside drain holes so the soil doesn’t stay too soggy.

Does An Arrowhead Plant Need Help Climbing

Arrowhead plants climb naturally by the use of wire-like, aerial rootlets that type on the nodes alongside the stems. It’s possible you’ll must information the growing stem in the direction of and onto the moss stick of trellis-like structure, however after the primary rootlets take maintain, the Arrowhead Plant will climb by itself.

Can Arrowhead Plant Attach To Indoor Walls?

When grown outside in heat areas like Florida, Arrowhead Plant is taken into account extremely invasive, rapidly taking on partitions and trees. If left unchecked, and located near an indoor wall, whether, in a pot or hanging basket, Arrowhead Plant can connect to your partitions, clinging in place with rootlets alongside its stem.

The clinging rootlets, if left in place, can injury the wall’s paint and end. However, and the excellent news is, Arrowhead Plant grows a lot slower when grown as an indoor plant, and pruning control any wayward stems.

What To Do If Arrowhead Plant Is Leggy

Grown outside in its most well-liked atmosphere, Arrowhead Plant stems can grow over 100 toes lengthy. Even indoors, if left unpruned, the plant’s stems can grow a number of toes in size.

However, if the plant appears to be scraggly and leggy, and it’s located in a location the place there’s low gentle, it may not be getting enough quantity. Step by step move it to brighter conditions and the new progress needs to be bushier.

Do Indoor Arrowhead Plants Need Pruning?

Throughout the growing season of spring all through summertime, you may prune the Arrowhead Plant to regulate its form or size. It’s greatest to do any trimming whereas the plant is actively rising and never throughout winter whereas it’s dormant, except you might be eradicating damaged leaves or stems.

Use sanitized pruning tool blades to make your cuts, as you don’t need to switch any ailments to the plant and trim off a stem proper above a node. Cleansing your pruning software blades is as straightforward as wiping them off with rubbing alcohol. You may also use the cuttings to propagate new plantings.

How Can I Make Arrowhead Plant Grow Bushier?

If you would like your Arrowhead Plant to grow a bushier with a strong look and never produce such lengthy stems, you may clear up the issue by corrective pruning. Whereas it’s actively growing in spring by summertime, trim all or nearly all of the stems again to the specified size.

Maintaining the stems’ preferred size is simple. Pinch off any new progress on the ideas because it appears. This retains Arrowhead’s growth in check.

My Arrowhead Plant Is Drooping

The most typical downside inflicting an in any other case correctly cared for Arrowhead Plant to droop is lack of water and overly dry soil circumstances. Test the soil together with your finger and if greater than prime inch feels dry, the plant is affected by drought.

Resume a traditional watering schedule and ensure to irrigate when the highest inch of soil becomes dry to the touch.

Why Are My Arrowhead Plant Leaves Turning Yellow?

In case your Arrowhead Plant’s foliage begins yellowing, essentially the most possible cause is it’s not getting sufficient water. Moreover, an excessive amount of water and soggy soil causes yellow leaves. If irrigation isn’t the issue, the plant is likely to be suffering a nitrogen deficiency, particularly if the mature foliage is popping yellow. Apply an all-purpose, houseplant fertilizer at half-strength.

It’s easy to diagnose whether or not you might be underwatering or overwatering by sticking your finger into the potting combine. If the soil is dry below an inch, circumstances are too dry. As well as, if the soil is soggy feeling, it’s staying too moist.

If the soil is simply too dry, resume common purposes of water. If the soil is soggy, permit it to dry earlier than resuming an everyday watering schedule.

What Causes Arrowhead Plant Leaves Turn Brown?

The prime cause an Arrowhead Plant’s foliage has brown leaf ideas is simply too dry air. Move the plant to a unique location indoors, if it’s situated close to a heating unit or vent. You additionally must create extra humidity by often misting the plant with water Arrowhead Plant.

Misting every few days ought to right the issue on newly growing foliage, though, the broken foliage won’t right itself and the browning stays. For aesthetic causes and to improve the plant’s total appears to be like, you may trim off the brown edges.

how to care for an arrowhead plant

Why Are The Arrowhead Plant Leaves Veins?

Should you discover the leaf veins (margins) in your Arrowhead Plant turning yellowish-brown to brown and seeming to die, lack of water and low humidity are greater than doubtless the culprits.

Irrigate the soil and resume an everyday watering schedule of watering when the highest inch of soil becomes dry. Improve humidity by misting the whole plant with water every few days.

Why Is My Arrowhead Plant Not Growing?

There’s no cause to be involved if it’s fall and winter and your Arrowhead Plant isn’t placing on new progress. Throughout this time of year, the plant goes dormant and stops growing till the temperatures warm in spring.

However, if it’s through the growing season and your Arrowhead Plant’s progress looks like it’s stopped, be sure you are giving it the correct care it requires. Soil without any vitamins, lack of fertilizer, and too low gentle all reduce the plant’s charge of progress.

You’ll be able to amend the state of affairs by repotting with contemporary, organically wealthy soil, feeding it monthly throughout spring by summertime, or shifting it to a brighter location indoors.

Arrowhead Plant Is Turning Black And Mushy

Should you discover the bottom of your Arrowhead Plant’s stems and leaves turning black and getting mushy and the situation is overtaking the plant, it has developed root rot resulting from too wet soil and overwatering. Cutting again on the water at this level usually won’t save the plant from dying, because the rot is simply too severe.

However, if the Arrowhead has longer stems that haven’t been affected by the rot, you may prune off a wholesome cutting and root it in the potting combine.

Discard the previous, contaminated soil and use fresh to repot a cutting or new Arrowhead Plant. Sanitize the pot earlier than reusing it by washing it in bleach.

Prevent the rot issues through the use of a potting combine that drains nicely and irrigating solely when the highest inch of soil becomes dry.

Arrowhead Plant Diseases Spider Mites

Should you notice small white, fly-like bugs flying around your Arrowhead Plant once you disturb it, you’ve obtained yourself an infestation of spider mites. The mites are a standard insect affecting Arrowheads grown indoors and normally are the results of a low humidity problem.

It’s necessary to treat a spider mite problem rapidly because the mite sucks the juices from the plant and might rapidly weaken it to the purpose of dying if left untreated. They will additionally journey to your different indoor plants, infesting them too.

Right future issues by increasing humidity by misting the Arrowhead Plant a number of occasions weekly. You’ll be able to kill the spider mites by spraying the Arrowhead with an insecticidal soap spray, following product instructions on the frequency of its use.

Mealy Bugs On Arrowhead Plants

One other pest that may be a standard nuisance for Arrowhead plants grown indoors, particularly when humidity is low are mealy bugs. Mealybugs are just like scale insects in that they suck the sap from the Arrowhead Plant weakening it, particularly if left untreated.

The insects mass collectively alongside the stems and leaves, particularly on newly developed progress. An extreme infestation causes the foliage to yellow and the Arrowhead Plant’s progress to develop into stunted. If left untreated, the mealybugs can infest different crops you’ve growing indoors, creating a fair larger problem. Due to this fact, you’ll need to treat the pests sooner slightly than later.

Control future issues by increasing humidity by misting the Arrowhead Plant on a number of occasions every week. Treat the mealybugs through the use of insecticidal soap, following product instructions on frequency and quantities.

Arrowhead Plant Varieties

Quite a few cultivars (varieties) can be found with a bunch of various colored leaves. Should you can not discover them domestically, you will have to order by a web-based plant catalog. Some examples embody:

  • ‘Confetti’ has lighter inexperienced leaves lined in pink splotches and with pinkish-white leaf veins.
  • ‘Neon’ produces pink leaves.
  • ‘Robusta’ produces inexperienced leaves with white leaf veins and doesn’t readily vine.
  • ‘Holly M’ produces white leaves with small inexperienced speckles on the leaf margins.
  • ‘Maria Allusion’ produces compact inexperienced leaves tinged with reddish-bronze, and leaf veins that are darkish pink.

How To Propagate Arrowhead Plant

Arrowhead Plant cuttings simply and quickly root in a draining container stuffed with a wealthy, well-drained potting combine. Bury the cutting by an inch or two, water the soil, holding it moist however not soggy, and place the reducing in an area with a medium level of sunshine.

Will My Arrowhead Plant Bloom Indoors?

Solely mature Arrowhead plants bloom in summertime, producing greenish-white, insignificant spathes. Attributable to pruning and indoor circumstances, they usually don’t bloom grown as indoor houseplants.

Does My Arrowhead Plant Produce Fruit?

Since Arrowhead plants must bloom to provide their fruits, they usually won’t be productively grown indoors. However, the fruits type on the spathe altering from greenish-white to pink when mature.

Arrowhead Plant Leaves Looking Wet And Water-Soaked

This problem happens when the plant is warm, however, the soil is simply too chilly. Forestall the situation by sustaining an indoor temperature of at least 65°F (18.3°C) and elevating the temperature progressively.

Arrowhead Plant’s Leaves To Have Water-Soaked Spots

This situation happens throughout winter when the water you might be used to irrigate is simply too chilly. Allow the water to come back to room temperature earlier than using it to water.

Is Arrowhead Plant Toxic To Pets And People?

All elements of the Arrowhead Plant are toxic to people, dogs, cats, and horses when ingested. Damaged stems exude a milky sap that some individuals discover irritating to their pores and skin. The poisonous substance contained within the plant is calcium oxalate crystals.

When ingested, it causes extreme mouth ache, irritation and swelling of the tongue, throat, and mouth, problem swallowing, vomiting, and extreme drooling.

Due to this fact, it’s greatest to play it secure when growing an Arrowhead Plant indoors and situating it the place it’s out of the attain of kids and pets.

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